In Idaho, you can register to vote at the polls as long as you can show that you have resided in Idaho for the 30 previous days. This far into Fall semester, that would cover most Brigham Young University-Idaho students who are American citizens.
However, according to the above sign in the Madison County Elections office, students are not welcome.
Now, for many students, it does make sense for them to vote in their home states. Especially if they live in a swing state.
However, many students are getting excited about the election now (partially because of the stellar teaching taking place at BYU-Idaho). Voting absentee is too late at this point. These are mostly first-time voters. They are also mostly Republican voters. The results in Madison County are not likely to be any different if a small fraction of the university students vote locally. Heck, most of the local state legislative races are unopposed (when I was the advisor to the College Democrats at BYU-Idaho a decade ago, there wasn’t even a county Democratic committee).
I don’t think there should be a push to register BYU-Idaho students as Idaho voters. However, students who encounter this sign will be among the few who make the concerted effort to walk into the county building on Main Street.
BYU-Idaho students, like most university and college students living away from home, do not typically feel inclined to vote in their college community. Yet, BYU-Idaho students live in Rexburg year round as they push to finish their degrees after service 18 to 24 months as LDS missionaries. They no longer have the same connection with the home state of their youth that typical undergraduates might have. So for many BYU-Idaho students Madison County is really the closest thing they have to an actual legal domicile.
A few points about the content of the sign, which appears to come straight from the State of Idaho:
Registering to vote is a serious matter which should only be done after proper reflection.
I agree! From my three years as a political science instructor at BYU-Idaho, I can confirm that many BYU-Idaho students take elections very seriously. In general, they likely reflect on politics as much, if not more, than the average Idahoan.
It should be noted that there is no federal right to vote anywhere in the United States for the office of President. State laws control registration and voting and State residency requirements must be met.
State law does set most voting residency requirements. However, the 15th, 19th, and 26th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution give Congress the power and responsibility to ensure the voting rights are upheld. This statement from Idaho clearly goes contrary to the spirit of these amendments, especially the 26th. It is also misleading about the Constitution.
Having this ridiculous statement on a state website is one thing. But posting it on the front desk of the county elections office is clearly voter intimidation and voter suppression.
Getting young voters to vote is an important goal. By discouraging college students from voting, Madison County may be causing harm as a young person’s first attempt to vote becomes an experience of frustration.
Instead of worrying about arbitrary issues such as “legal domicile,” let us welcome young voters to the polls with open arms.